This research involves several major components:
1)Projecting business-as-usual (BAU) end-use energy demand to 2050 for seven fuel types in each of sixenergy-use sectors, in each of 143 countries (Notes S2 and S3);
2)Estimating the 2050 reduction in demand due to electrifying or providing direct heat for each fuel type ineach sector in each country (Notes S4-S12);
3)Performing resource analyses and estimating a mix of wind-water-solar (WWS) electricity and heatgenerators to meet the aggregate demand in each country in the annual average (Note S13).
4)Using a prognostic global weather-climate-air pollution model (GATOR-GCMOM), which accounts forcompetition among wind turbines for available kinetic energy, to estimate wind and solar radiation fieldscountry-by- country every 30 s for several years (Notes S14-S21).
5)Grouping the 143 countries into 24 world regions and using a model (LOADMATCH) that matches thevariable supply of energy with variable demand, storage, and demand response to match demand withsupply and storage every 30 s in each region from 2050 to 2052 (Notes S32-S35).
6)Evaluating energy, health, and climate costs (Note S36-S42) with new metrics (Note S43).
7)Calculating land area requirements (Note S44).
8)Calculating changes in job numbers (Note S45).
9)Discussing and evaluating uncertainties (Note 46)These components are discussed in detail in this document.